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English Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences

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English Grammar Compound and Complex Sentences

Post by luv4edu on Thu Sep 13, 2012 12:39 pm

A related group of words with a subject and a predicate is called a clause. A clause that makes sense by itself is an independent clause. A clause that does not make sense by itself is a dependent clause.

A complex sentence contains an independent and a dependent clause.

Independent Clause: They came to the island in canoes.

Dependent Clause: even though it was a long trip

If the dependent clause comes first, set it off with a comma.

Until they were attacked, Native Americans lived on the island.

If the independent clause is first, no comma is needed.

Native Americans lived on the island until they were attacked.

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